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Review Article

Cardiorenal Syndromes

Volume 1, Oct 2012

Shyam Bansal, MD, DM, Vijay Kher, MD, DM, Gurgaon, India

Cardiovascular diseases are the commonest cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. In USA, about one third of population has some form of cardiovascular disease, i.e., hypertension, coronary heart disease (CHD), heart failure (HF), stroke, peripheral vascular disease (PVD) (1). Chronic kidney disease (CKD) affects about 13% of population in USA (2). There is a close relationship between cardiac and kidney diseases, as patients with cardiac disease often develop kidney dysfunction and the most common cause of mortality in patients with kidney disease is cardiovascular (3). Patients with CKD have 10–20 times high chances of cardiovascular disease as compared to age-matched non-CKD population (4). Similarly patients with acute cardiac dysfunction like acute HF or acute coronary syndrome (ACS) may develop acute kidney injury (AKI) and vice versa (5).

Volume 1, Number 4, Pages: 174-84

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